Numerous Government Programs in US -Study

The federal government of US can be a total mess in different situations. There are numerous government programs which are overlapping with each other in US as per a recent study. A single problem gives way to plenty of programs which are created with the intention of solving the problem. For example, there are numerous health care programs like Medicare, Medicaid, employer insurance deduction, SCHIP the Affordable Care Act insurance subsidies, etc. for a single health care problem. Similarly for loans of education there is large number of subsidies like Stafford loans, Pell grants, American Opportunity credit, Perkins loans, etc. In a recent study which was given in a paper by Johns Hopkins’ Steve Teles, he referred to that the fault was of the Constitution. Here are some points which he placed in favor of his argument. To describe the country’s hodgepodge service delivery system, he has introduced the term ‘kludgeocracy’. This term has come from the word ‘kludge’ which is used in engineering and computing to refer to a situation which is put up hurriedly for a temporary solution. Teles believes that the system relies too much on kludges instead of fixing every problem from the base. The primary area he targets is that of the tax code. For every tax deduction, credit or exemption, there are different rules and regulations. With so many rules it ultimately costs the economy of the US at the end. The observance of so many tax rules costs the government an amount of around $163 billion yearly. The scholarship to study in US which has been done by Teles holds the ‘veto points’ of America where policies can be blocked responsible for the augmentation of kludges. For a law to pass or for a bill to become a law, there are different stages which need to be followed. Just like the parliamentary system of Europe, where the prime minister has the major power and can pass any bill, the American government should also have such a policy. But instead, there are many people who are in power and almost everybody needs to be pleased before a bill becomes a law. With so many in power, the end result thus becomes really complicated and every process is slowed down in an overall way. However it is a matter of debate whether the explanation provided by Teles is true in all respect. It is however not apparent that the country with fewer junctures will have fewer national programs. For example, UK with 2 veto points or junctures has 13 elderly programs and France which has 5 veto points has 5 programs for the senior citizens. Whatever be the outcome, it is an issue which has been raised in a brilliant manner by Teles. To overcome this issue extensive discussion should be done so that Government can function in a less complicated manner. The outcome will definitely be a positive one and will reduce the expenses and increase the effectiveness of the US government, so that the next study in US shows a positive growth.